Common Yellowthroat

Scientific Name: Geothlypis trichas

Habitat: Common Yellowthroats live in wetlands. They prefer dense shrubby vegetation, to help hide them from predetors such as snakes, Red-Tailed Hawks, opposums, raccoons, and other predators. Common Yellowthroats can be found in city parks, wet meadows, marshes, and thickets near streams and rivers.

Diet: The Common Yellowthroat eats almost all insects and spiders, but sometimes they eat seeds. Common Yellowthroats eat a variety of different kinds of bugs including dragonflies, butterflies, crane flies, field crickets, webworm caterpiller, different kinds of beetles, carpenter ants, aphids, earwigs, canker worms, and grasshoppers.

Nesting: The nest is placed on or near the ground, usually in a shrub. It is often placed in a clump of grass, bulrushes, cattails, or reeds. The nest is a loose cup made of grass, weeds, leaves, and sedge, and it is lined with hair, fine bark, and grass. Common Yellowthroats  lay 3-5 eggs, which the female incubates for12 days.

Sound: The Common Yellowthroat’s song is a warbled wichety-wichety-wichety-wich!, and the call is a sharp tchit! tchit!

Description/field marks: Common Yellowthroats are about 41/5 to 6 inches long, and have thin bills for eating insects.The male Common Yellowthroat has very distinct markings. The males have black masks across their eyes, and above the black there is a thinner white line. The back is yellowish brown, and the throat and breast are bright yellow. The underside is also yellowish brown. The females are less conspicuous. They have yellow throats, and they are olive or brown on the back. The underside is a dull yellow-green color.

Common Yellowthroat

Common Yellowthroat

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